What is involved in Data replication
Find out what the related areas are that Data replication connects with, associates with, correlates with or affects, and which require thought, deliberation, analysis, review and discussion. This unique checklist stands out in a sense that it is not per-se designed to give answers, but to engage the reader and lay out a Data replication thinking-frame.
How far is your company on its Data replication journey?
Take this short survey to gauge your organization’s progress toward Data replication leadership. Learn your strongest and weakest areas, and what you can do now to create a strategy that delivers results.
To address the criteria in this checklist for your organization, extensive selected resources are provided for sources of further research and information.
Start the Checklist
Below you will find a quick checklist designed to help you think about which Data replication related domains to cover and 197 essential critical questions to check off in that domain.
The following domains are covered:
Data replication, Asynchronous I/O, Atomic broadcast, Atomic operation, Block device, Change data capture, Cloud computing, Cluster manager, Computer hardware, Computer network, Data storage device, Database management system, Deterministic finite automaton, Device driver, Disaster Recovery, Disk array controller, Disk mirroring, Distributed computing, Distributed concurrency control, Distributed fault-tolerant file systems, Distributed filesystem, Distributed lock manager, Distributed parallel fault-tolerant file systems, Distributed shared memory, Fault-tolerant computer system, File system, Filter driver, Hard disk, High-availability cluster, Integrated Authority File, Journaling file system, Kernel driver, Lazy replication, Load balancing, Log Shipping, Microsoft Cluster Server, Mirror website, Multi-master replication, One-copy serializability, Operating system, Optimistic replication, Paxos algorithm, Process group, Quality of service, Recovery point objective, Software transactional memory, Speed of light, Spread Toolkit, State machine replication, System Center Data Protection Manager, Transaction log, Transactional data, Transactional replication, Virtual synchrony, Wide area network:
Data replication Critical Criteria:
Paraphrase Data replication quality and assess what counts with Data replication that we are not counting.
– What are your results for key measures or indicators of the accomplishment of your Data replication strategy and action plans, including building and strengthening core competencies?
– What are the long-term Data replication goals?
– Is the scope of Data replication defined?
Asynchronous I/O Critical Criteria:
Detail Asynchronous I/O leadership and display thorough understanding of the Asynchronous I/O process.
– What other jobs or tasks affect the performance of the steps in the Data replication process?
– How is the value delivered by Data replication being measured?
– Are we Assessing Data replication and Risk?
Atomic broadcast Critical Criteria:
Discuss Atomic broadcast leadership and get answers.
– What may be the consequences for the performance of an organization if all stakeholders are not consulted regarding Data replication?
– What are the success criteria that will indicate that Data replication objectives have been met and the benefits delivered?
– Which Data replication goals are the most important?
Atomic operation Critical Criteria:
Accelerate Atomic operation outcomes and probe using an integrated framework to make sure Atomic operation is getting what it needs.
– Does Data replication include applications and information with regulatory compliance significance (or other contractual conditions that must be formally complied with) in a new or unique manner for which no approved security requirements, templates or design models exist?
– Think of your Data replication project. what are the main functions?
– What are the barriers to increased Data replication production?
Block device Critical Criteria:
Participate in Block device strategies and point out improvements in Block device.
– Meeting the challenge: are missed Data replication opportunities costing us money?
– Is the Data replication organization completing tasks effectively and efficiently?
– Does Data replication appropriately measure and monitor risk?
Change data capture Critical Criteria:
Think about Change data capture goals and test out new things.
– How likely is the current Data replication plan to come in on schedule or on budget?
– Do the Data replication decisions we make today help people and the planet tomorrow?
– What are internal and external Data replication relations?
Cloud computing Critical Criteria:
Reconstruct Cloud computing issues and be persistent.
– How might we classify current cloud computing offerings across a spectrum, and how do the technical and business challenges differ depending on where in the spectrum a particular offering lies?
– Have you considered what measures you will need to implement to ensure that the cloud provider complies with all applicable federal, state, and local privacy laws, including ferpa?
– What changes should be made to the design of future applications software, infrastructure software, and hardware to match the needs and opportunities of cloud computing?
– Provider viability: what happens to your organizations applications and data in the event that the provider goes out of business?
– How can you start to build to a position of trust and risk management when setting up cloud computing for your organization?
– How do the end users of cloud computing know that their information is not having any availability and security issues?
– If the application is used to generate revenue, is the move to cloud computing expected to increase that revenue?
– Are the risks associated with cloud computing actually higher than the risks enterprises are facing today?
– Aare there recommended best practices to help us decide whether they should move to the cloud?
– Do we require that confidential information in the cloud be stored within the united states?
– How can cloud stakeholders ensure and promote the security of Cloud computing?
– Amazon web services is which type of cloud computing distribution model?
– If your data is stored abroad whose foi policy do you adhere to?
– When is utility computing preferable to running a private cloud?
– Networks that are flexible, well-performing, and secure?
– Which is better for business open or closed clouds?
– What is the first priority cloud security concern?
– What are reasons to say no to cloud computing?
– Will database virtualization take off?
Cluster manager Critical Criteria:
Face Cluster manager quality and handle a jump-start course to Cluster manager.
– What prevents me from making the changes I know will make me a more effective Data replication leader?
– How do we go about Securing Data replication?
Computer hardware Critical Criteria:
Exchange ideas about Computer hardware goals and prioritize challenges of Computer hardware.
– How do we manage Data replication Knowledge Management (KM)?
– How to deal with Data replication Changes?
Computer network Critical Criteria:
Judge Computer network quality and assess and formulate effective operational and Computer network strategies.
– How can we incorporate support to ensure safe and effective use of Data replication into the services that we provide?
– Risk factors: what are the characteristics of Data replication that make it risky?
– Are we making progress? and are we making progress as Data replication leaders?
– Is the illegal entry into a private computer network a crime in your country?
Data storage device Critical Criteria:
Probe Data storage device goals and report on setting up Data storage device without losing ground.
– What will be the consequences to the business (financial, reputation etc) if Data replication does not go ahead or fails to deliver the objectives?
– How important is Data replication to the user organizations mission?
– Can Management personnel recognize the monetary benefit of Data replication?
Database management system Critical Criteria:
Investigate Database management system adoptions and proactively manage Database management system risks.
– Are there any easy-to-implement alternatives to Data replication? Sometimes other solutions are available that do not require the cost implications of a full-blown project?
– What are your most important goals for the strategic Data replication objectives?
– Who will be responsible for documenting the Data replication requirements in detail?
– What database management systems have been implemented?
Deterministic finite automaton Critical Criteria:
See the value of Deterministic finite automaton governance and point out improvements in Deterministic finite automaton.
– Does Data replication analysis show the relationships among important Data replication factors?
– Do you monitor the effectiveness of your Data replication activities?
Device driver Critical Criteria:
Apply Device driver engagements and tour deciding if Device driver progress is made.
– Are there any disadvantages to implementing Data replication? There might be some that are less obvious?
– Do Data replication rules make a reasonable demand on a users capabilities?
– How will you measure your Data replication effectiveness?
Disaster Recovery Critical Criteria:
Check Disaster Recovery strategies and ask questions.
– How do you intend to fund the reopening: from existing business sources, your own resources, other investors, banks, lenders, or a mix?
– Can the customer work with you to conduct separate disaster recovery tests in order to test/validate readiness?
– Are there any promotions being done in your local area by government or others that you can take advantage of?
– How frequently, if at all, do we conduct a business impact analysis (bia) and risk assessment (ra)?
– If we move in a different direction, what are the private-property concerns?
– Are our applications designed for high availability and disaster recovery?
– What are the fault tolerance, failover, and disaster recovery plans?
– What do you do for a day when your web hosting service crashes?
– Does the building need to be secured against theft vandalism?
– Has the disaster recovery plan (dr) been created or updated?
– Are assumptions made in Data replication stated explicitly?
– Inside the new building what equipment is/goes where?
– Do you have a tested IT disaster recovery plan?
– How do we define the disaster recovery process?
– Do we employ a hot site for disaster recovery?
– Will all of your accounting be restored?
– What are your chances for success?
– What is the scope of bc plans?
– Any new equipment needs?
– Insurance coverage?
Disk array controller Critical Criteria:
Refer to Disk array controller adoptions and look at the big picture.
– Who is responsible for ensuring appropriate resources (time, people and money) are allocated to Data replication?
– What potential environmental factors impact the Data replication effort?
Disk mirroring Critical Criteria:
Discuss Disk mirroring goals and assess and formulate effective operational and Disk mirroring strategies.
– What is the total cost related to deploying Data replication, including any consulting or professional services?
– Are there Data replication Models?
Distributed computing Critical Criteria:
Analyze Distributed computing projects and document what potential Distributed computing megatrends could make our business model obsolete.
– Can we add value to the current Data replication decision-making process (largely qualitative) by incorporating uncertainty modeling (more quantitative)?
– Is there any existing Data replication governance structure?
Distributed concurrency control Critical Criteria:
X-ray Distributed concurrency control outcomes and find the essential reading for Distributed concurrency control researchers.
– Do those selected for the Data replication team have a good general understanding of what Data replication is all about?
– Will Data replication deliverables need to be tested and, if so, by whom?
Distributed fault-tolerant file systems Critical Criteria:
Contribute to Distributed fault-tolerant file systems risks and tour deciding if Distributed fault-tolerant file systems progress is made.
– Is maximizing Data replication protection the same as minimizing Data replication loss?
– Do we all define Data replication in the same way?
Distributed filesystem Critical Criteria:
Chart Distributed filesystem governance and assess and formulate effective operational and Distributed filesystem strategies.
– Why should we adopt a Data replication framework?
Distributed lock manager Critical Criteria:
Paraphrase Distributed lock manager issues and plan concise Distributed lock manager education.
– For your Data replication project, identify and describe the business environment. is there more than one layer to the business environment?
– What new services of functionality will be implemented next with Data replication ?
Distributed parallel fault-tolerant file systems Critical Criteria:
Discuss Distributed parallel fault-tolerant file systems issues and maintain Distributed parallel fault-tolerant file systems for success.
– In the case of a Data replication project, the criteria for the audit derive from implementation objectives. an audit of a Data replication project involves assessing whether the recommendations outlined for implementation have been met. in other words, can we track that any Data replication project is implemented as planned, and is it working?
– Does Data replication analysis isolate the fundamental causes of problems?
Distributed shared memory Critical Criteria:
Examine Distributed shared memory management and research ways can we become the Distributed shared memory company that would put us out of business.
– What sources do you use to gather information for a Data replication study?
Fault-tolerant computer system Critical Criteria:
Reconstruct Fault-tolerant computer system results and define what do we need to start doing with Fault-tolerant computer system.
– How do we Improve Data replication service perception, and satisfaction?
File system Critical Criteria:
Reason over File system tactics and shift your focus.
– Think about the functions involved in your Data replication project. what processes flow from these functions?
– What is a feature of virtual machine file system (vmfs)?
– How would one define Data replication leadership?
Filter driver Critical Criteria:
Graph Filter driver tasks and assess what counts with Filter driver that we are not counting.
– Marketing budgets are tighter, consumers are more skeptical, and social media has changed forever the way we talk about Data replication. How do we gain traction?
– What knowledge, skills and characteristics mark a good Data replication project manager?
Hard disk Critical Criteria:
Be clear about Hard disk leadership and test out new things.
– Think about the people you identified for your Data replication project and the project responsibilities you would assign to them. what kind of training do you think they would need to perform these responsibilities effectively?
High-availability cluster Critical Criteria:
Pilot High-availability cluster management and find out what it really means.
– Consider your own Data replication project. what types of organizational problems do you think might be causing or affecting your problem, based on the work done so far?
– Is a Data replication Team Work effort in place?
Integrated Authority File Critical Criteria:
Closely inspect Integrated Authority File governance and revise understanding of Integrated Authority File architectures.
– Will Data replication have an impact on current business continuity, disaster recovery processes and/or infrastructure?
Journaling file system Critical Criteria:
Discourse Journaling file system failures and reduce Journaling file system costs.
– What are our best practices for minimizing Data replication project risk, while demonstrating incremental value and quick wins throughout the Data replication project lifecycle?
Kernel driver Critical Criteria:
Drive Kernel driver management and don’t overlook the obvious.
– What are our needs in relation to Data replication skills, labor, equipment, and markets?
– What tools and technologies are needed for a custom Data replication project?
Lazy replication Critical Criteria:
Deduce Lazy replication issues and look at it backwards.
– How do we measure improved Data replication service perception, and satisfaction?
– How can skill-level changes improve Data replication?
Load balancing Critical Criteria:
Trace Load balancing engagements and probe using an integrated framework to make sure Load balancing is getting what it needs.
– To what extent does management recognize Data replication as a tool to increase the results?
– How will we insure seamless interoperability of Data replication moving forward?
– What are the Essentials of Internal Data replication Management?
– What is a feature of dns server load balancing?
– What load balancing technique should we use?
Log Shipping Critical Criteria:
Think about Log Shipping leadership and adopt an insight outlook.
– When a Data replication manager recognizes a problem, what options are available?
Microsoft Cluster Server Critical Criteria:
Examine Microsoft Cluster Server decisions and oversee implementation of Microsoft Cluster Server.
– Have you identified your Data replication key performance indicators?
Mirror website Critical Criteria:
Accumulate Mirror website risks and frame using storytelling to create more compelling Mirror website projects.
– Who will be responsible for making the decisions to include or exclude requested changes once Data replication is underway?
– Will new equipment/products be required to facilitate Data replication delivery for example is new software needed?
Multi-master replication Critical Criteria:
Think about Multi-master replication planning and triple focus on important concepts of Multi-master replication relationship management.
– What management system can we use to leverage the Data replication experience, ideas, and concerns of the people closest to the work to be done?
– Do we aggressively reward and promote the people who have the biggest impact on creating excellent Data replication services/products?
– How do mission and objectives affect the Data replication processes of our organization?
One-copy serializability Critical Criteria:
Adapt One-copy serializability decisions and look for lots of ideas.
– Have the types of risks that may impact Data replication been identified and analyzed?
Operating system Critical Criteria:
Analyze Operating system results and budget the knowledge transfer for any interested in Operating system.
– If the firewall runs on an individual host for which all users are not trusted system administrators, how vulnerable is it to tampering by a user logged into the operating system running on the protected hosts?
– In a virtualized data center, guest operating system kernels were modified to eliminate the need for binary translation. which compute virtualization technique was used?
– What should an organization consider before migrating its applications and operating system to the public cloud to prevent vendor lock-in?
– Does Data replication systematically track and analyze outcomes for accountability and quality improvement?
– What are the top 3 things at the forefront of our Data replication agendas for the next 3 years?
– What operating systems are used for student computers, devices, laptops, etc.?
– What operating system does your computer use?
– Is unauthorized access to operating systems prevented?
Optimistic replication Critical Criteria:
Discuss Optimistic replication leadership and achieve a single Optimistic replication view and bringing data together.
Paxos algorithm Critical Criteria:
Differentiate Paxos algorithm projects and arbitrate Paxos algorithm techniques that enhance teamwork and productivity.
– What vendors make products that address the Data replication needs?
Process group Critical Criteria:
Own Process group quality and do something to it.
– Is Data replication Realistic, or are you setting yourself up for failure?
Quality of service Critical Criteria:
Have a meeting on Quality of service decisions and point out improvements in Quality of service.
– What level of service or quality of service should the customer expect?
– Is the Quality of Service met?
– Quality of Service Met?
– Is our Quality of Service Met?
– Is the Quality of Service met?
Recovery point objective Critical Criteria:
Systematize Recovery point objective projects and diversify by understanding risks and leveraging Recovery point objective.
– Among the Data replication product and service cost to be estimated, which is considered hardest to estimate?
– Which remote replication mode provides a near-zero recovery point objective (rpo)?
– What is our System Recovery Point Objective RPO (how current should the data be)?
– How is the term recovery point objective (rpo) defined?
– What is our definition of recovery point objective?
– What is the recovery point objective?
Software transactional memory Critical Criteria:
Air ideas re Software transactional memory quality and don’t overlook the obvious.
– How do we go about Comparing Data replication approaches/solutions?
Speed of light Critical Criteria:
Revitalize Speed of light governance and grade techniques for implementing Speed of light controls.
– At what point will vulnerability assessments be performed once Data replication is put into production (e.g., ongoing Risk Management after implementation)?
– What are current Data replication Paradigms?
Spread Toolkit Critical Criteria:
Set goals for Spread Toolkit failures and frame using storytelling to create more compelling Spread Toolkit projects.
– What threat is Data replication addressing?
State machine replication Critical Criteria:
Transcribe State machine replication tactics and slay a dragon.
– Do several people in different organizational units assist with the Data replication process?
System Center Data Protection Manager Critical Criteria:
Do a round table on System Center Data Protection Manager projects and create a map for yourself.
Transaction log Critical Criteria:
Examine Transaction log adoptions and point out Transaction log tensions in leadership.
– A compounding model resolution with available relevant data can often provide insight towards a solution methodology; which Data replication models, tools and techniques are necessary?
– How do you determine the key elements that affect Data replication workforce satisfaction? how are these elements determined for different workforce groups and segments?
Transactional data Critical Criteria:
Facilitate Transactional data adoptions and oversee implementation of Transactional data.
– How do I transform transactional data into useful information that people can access securely and effectively?
– Who is the main stakeholder, with ultimate responsibility for driving Data replication forward?
– What is the purpose of Data replication in relation to the mission?
Transactional replication Critical Criteria:
Explore Transactional replication tactics and interpret which customers can’t participate in Transactional replication because they lack skills.
Virtual synchrony Critical Criteria:
Bootstrap Virtual synchrony failures and check on ways to get started with Virtual synchrony.
– What are your current levels and trends in key measures or indicators of Data replication product and process performance that are important to and directly serve your customers? how do these results compare with the performance of your competitors and other organizations with similar offerings?
– Does the Data replication task fit the clients priorities?
Wide area network Critical Criteria:
Have a session on Wide area network leadership and assess what counts with Wide area network that we are not counting.
– Which customers cant participate in our Data replication domain because they lack skills, wealth, or convenient access to existing solutions?
– Can we do Data replication without complex (expensive) analysis?
This quick readiness checklist is a selected resource to help you move forward. Learn more about how to achieve comprehensive insights with the Data replication Self Assessment:
Author: Gerard Blokdijk
CEO at The Art of Service | theartofservice.com
Gerard is the CEO at The Art of Service. He has been providing information technology insights, talks, tools and products to organizations in a wide range of industries for over 25 years. Gerard is a widely recognized and respected information expert. Gerard founded The Art of Service consulting business in 2000. Gerard has authored numerous published books to date.
To address the criteria in this checklist, these selected resources are provided for sources of further research and information:
Data replication External links:
Data Replication for Disaster-resilient Information Platforms
PPT OF DATA REPLICATION – Scribd
Data Replication in OceanStore | EECS at UC Berkeley
Asynchronous I/O External links:
In computer science, asynchronous I/O is a form of input/output processing that permits other processing to continue before the transmission has finished. Input and output (I/O) operations on a computer can be extremely slow compared to the processing of data.
GitHub – libuv/libuv: Cross-platform asynchronous I/O
asyncio — Asynchronous I/O, event loop, and …
Atomic broadcast External links:
[PDF]Secure Causal Atomic Broadcast, Revisited
Atomic operation External links:
Treat .tar.gz extract as atomic operation? – SourceForge
What is Atomic Operation? Webopedia Definition
Block device External links:
Block device – Pin Eight
Anti Two Block Device | Forklift Camera Systems | LIFTek
Change data capture External links:
SQL Server: Change Data Capture | Pluralsight
Cloud computing External links:
Microsoft Azure Cloud Computing Platform & Services
Cluster manager External links:
Cluster Manager Pharmacy | SunDrugstore
Cluster Manager Pharmacy | SecureTabs
Cluster Manager Pharmacy | YourTrustedPharmacyOnline
Computer hardware External links:
Computer Hardware, Software, Technology Solutions | Insight
Computer Hardware Inc – Official Site
[H]ardOCP Computer Hardware Reviews and News
Computer network External links:
How to find my computer network name – Mil Incorporated
Technical Support | Computer Repair | Computer Network
Data storage device External links:
Data Storage Device – Leistad, Geirr I.
Database management system External links:
Database Management System Solutions – Raima
Device driver External links:
Steps for Signing a Device Driver Package
Disaster Recovery External links:
Cloud Migration and Disaster Recovery
SCDRO – South Carolina Disaster Recovery Office
Disk array controller External links:
A3706-69107 – Hot Swap Disk Array Controller Module
Disk mirroring External links:
What is disk mirroring? Webopedia Definition
What is disk mirroring (RAID 1)? – Definition from WhatIs.com
What is Disk Mirroring? – Definition from Techopedia
Distributed computing External links:
What is distributed computing? – Definition from WhatIs.com
Distributed Computing in the MQL5 Cloud Network
Distributed concurrency control External links:
java – Distributed Concurrency Control – Stack Overflow
What is DISTRIBUTED CONCURRENCY CONTROL? …
[PDF]An Efficient Distributed Concurrency Control …
Distributed fault-tolerant file systems External links:
[PDF]Distributed Fault-Tolerant File Systems
Distributed lock manager External links:
Integrated Distributed Lock Manager – Oracle
Integrated Distributed Lock Manager: Access to …
Distributed shared memory External links:
[PDF]The Design of MPI Based Distributed Shared Memory …
Fault-tolerant computer system External links:
ECE 695 Fault-tolerant Computer System Design: …
File system External links:
What is file system- Partition Wizard Help
Filter driver External links:
McAFee File System Filter Drivers May Cause STOP Error …
Registry Filter Drivers (Part 1) « Jeremy Hurren
Hard disk External links:
Create and format a hard disk partition – Windows Help
Check your hard disk for errors in Windows 7
Integrated Authority File External links:
Integrated authority file: IAF – Digital Collections
Integrated Authority File (GND) – Deutsche Nationalbibliothek
Journaling file system External links:
What is journaling file system? – Definition from WhatIs.com
How does a journaling file system work? – Quora
Journaling File System – Business Intelligence
Kernel driver External links:
winapi – What is a Windows Kernel Driver? – Stack Overflow
Kernel driver crash – NVIDIA FIX!!! – YouTube
winapi – What is a Windows Kernel Driver? – Stack Overflow
Load balancing External links:
Load Balancer | Load Balancing – KEMP Technologies
Traffic Manager – Cloud load balancing | Microsoft Azure
AWS | Elastic Load Balancing – Cloud Network Load Balancer
Log Shipping External links:
How to: Enable Log Shipping (Transact-SQL)
What is SQL Server log shipping?
How to configure security for SQL Server log shipping
Microsoft Cluster Server External links:
How to turn on cluster logging in Microsoft Cluster Server
Mirror website External links:
Notice to Readers: Availability of MMWR Mirror Website …
The Vilistus Mind Mirror 6 – The Mind Mirror Website
One-copy serializability External links:
CiteSeerX — One-copy serializability with snapshot
Operating system External links:
nCino Bank Operating System
Find Out Which Operating System Is on My Computer …
Operating System and Browser warning
Optimistic replication External links:
Measuring the Quality of Service of Optimistic Replication
Paxos algorithm External links:
The Paxos Algorithm | Rachid Guerraoui – YouTube
CiteSeerX — Revisiting the Paxos algorithm
Revisiting the paxos algorithm – ScienceDirect
Quality of service External links:
What is Quality of Service (QoS)? – Definition from Techopedia
Quality of Service (QoS) | Vonage Business
Nashville Event Security – Unparalleled Quality of Service
Recovery point objective External links:
Recovery Point Objective (RPO) | Ncontracts
Software transactional memory External links:
Deuce STM – Java Software Transactional Memory
Speed of light External links:
Speed of light
The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted c, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics. Its precise value is 299792458 metres per second (approximately 3.00×10⁸ m/s), since the length of the metre is defined from this constant and the international standard for time.
Has Speed Of Light Slowed Down? – CBS News
Who determined the speed of light? – Ask History
Spread Toolkit External links:
[PDF]The Spread Toolkit: Architecture and Performance
State machine replication External links:
[PDF]Practical State Machine Replication with Conﬁdentiality
System Center Data Protection Manager External links:
System Center Data Protection Manager
Transaction log External links:
Transaction Log Truncation – technet.microsoft.com
Shrinking the Transaction Log – technet.microsoft.com
The transaction log for database ‘databasename’ is full.
Transactional data External links:
What is transactional data? – Definition from WhatIs.com
[PDF]TRANSACTIONAL DATA REPOSITORY (TDR)
Point of Sale Transactional Data (PoST)
Transactional replication External links:
How Transactional Replication Works – technet.microsoft.com
Virtual synchrony External links:
CiteSeerX — Optimistic virtual synchrony
CiteSeerX — SIMULATION OF VIRTUAL SYNCHRONY IN …
distributed computing – Virtual synchrony – Stack Overflow
Wide area network External links:
[PDF]ALTESS Wide Area Network Acceptable Use Agreement
Wide Area Network Repeater System W3WAN – Home | Facebook
Wide Area Network (WAN) | North Dakota ITD