Essentially, the purpose of file integrity monitoring is to keep an eye on your systems, software, applications, users, and networks to detect any changes that occur to critical files, log analysis is the evaluation of akin records and is used by organizations to help mitigate a variety of risks and meet compliance regulations, particularly, using the information on the log, it is possible to track who modified which data and when.
Configure information systems to generate audit records containing sufficient information to establish what type of event occurred, when the event occurred, where the event occurred, the source of the event, the outcome of the event, and the identity of any individuals or subjects associated with the event, most software programs include a range of reports that track all user activity, including when each file is accessed, locations, and related information, then, which one is better really depends on the purpose of the audit log, and the requirements of the database being audited.
Maintaining an audit log of significant activities enables your organization to verify compliance with rules, detect any violations, and initiate remediation activities, as with the consistency verification, the server maintaining the log provides the client with a proof that the record exists in the log.
You should always be able to see the actions of database users within the system, every database logs the changes that are made to the data in a transaction log file. As a result, break–glass may still remain a valid system, and it will require the use of a manual e.g.
Linkages between logs maintained by the system and the supported application system, it monitors all users in real time and provides exhaustive reports with a complete audit trail of all user activities that happened from the moment the user logs-in and log-outs, thereby, capturing so much information, particularly in a busy system, can cause performance to suffer.
The system must maintain audit trails for all processes that create, update or modify, delete, access and use records, categories or files of records, metadata associated with records, and the classification schemes that manage the records. In addition, there are separate audit trail software products that enable network administrators to monitor use of network resources . Besides this, users, and systems.
Proper analysis of akin execution logs can yield important knowledge that can help your organization to improve the quality of services, conducted midway through the project, an audit affords the project manager, project sponsor and project team an interim view of what has gone well. As well as what needs to be improved to successfully complete the project. To say nothing of, auditing can potentially generate a large number of audit events, creating a large audit log.
An audit trail (also called audit log) is a security-relevant chronological record, set of records, and, or destination and source of records that provide documentary evidence of the sequence of activities that have affected at any time a specific operation, procedure, or event, event logs provide an audit trail, enabling system administrators to understand how the system is behaving and diagnose potential problems. In the first place, data that is logged and stored has to have valid timestamp and be secure, which includes a full audit trail log of any changes that are made to the data along with backup and restore procedures.
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